MahaGuru Adishankara Patasala
Welcome to MahaGuru Adishankara Veda Patasala.
The Four Vedas are the core of the Sanatana Vaidecai Hindu Dharma.MahaGuru Adishankara Veda Patasala was established for the study of the true scriptures in the Hindu traditional Gurukula system.
MahaGuru Adishankara Veda Patasala’s mission are made to reach the whole world, teach the Vedas to every Hindus and continue its propagation properly with divine services.
The Vedas are a large body of our Hindu religious texts composed in Vedic Sanskrit. The texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit knowledge and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Vedasare considered to be anaadi, without a beginning. This implies that it has existed since the beginning of world.
Hindus also consider the Vedas to be apaourusheya which means of non-human origin. It is believed that The Lord Siva, God did not create the Vedas,and that the Vedas have existed since the existence of Siva. This implies that they are one and the same.
The Sanskrit word ‘Veda’, means Pure knowledge. The Vedas are also referred to by some as Shruthi, that which is heard. It is believed that the sounds of the Vedas always surround us and that Rishis received the Vedas for us ,once they were properly attuned to it.
The Vedas were always blessed and passed on via word of mouth from Guru to every Shishya.
This vast pure knowledge was divided by the great Veda Vayasa into four. They are Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. The final part of all these four Vedas is the Upanishads. The Upanishads are also known as Vedanta.
Learning the Vedas and practicing the teachings involves the entire body. Thus, Vedas are believed to have organs,the Vedaangas. There are six Vedaangas. Siksha - the nose or lungs of the Veda Purusha , Vyakarana - the mouth or grammar of the Veda Purusha, Chandas the feet of the Veda Purusha, Niruktam - the ears of the Veda Purusha, Jyotisha - the eyes and Kalpa the arms of the Veda Purusha.
Out of the 14 Vidyas, 4 are Vedas, the 6 Vedaangas the remaining 4 are Upaangas, subsidiary or secondary limbs. These are Meemaasa, Nyaaya, Puraana and Dharma Saastra.
In our Hinduism There are four types of Vedas.
One of the best sources of Ancient Indian History is Vedic literature. Vedas have formed the Indian scripture. The ideas and practices of Vedic religion are codified by the Vedas and they also form the basis of classical Hinduism.
Known as the Veda of melodies and chants, Samaveda dates back to 1200-800 BCE. This Veda is related to public worship. The key features of Samaveda are given in the table below:
Samaveda is considered the most important of the four Vedas.
In the Bhagavad Gita, The Lord Krishna declares, “Amongst the Vedas, I am Samaveda.” The hymns of Samaveda invoke demigods like Indra, Agni, and Som Dev. Thus, the major theme of Samaveda can be considered worship and devotion.
It is absolutely true that the first scripture in the world is Rigveda and the other three Vedas have come out from Rigveda. But even that can not undermine the significance of Samaveda. The literal meaning of ‘Sama’ is a song. The mantras that have been compiled in Samveda, are used during chantings and invocations of demigods and demi goddesses.
There are 1549 verses (except 75 verses, all have been taken from Rigveda)
There are two Upanishads embedded in Samaveda – Chandogya Upanishad and Kena Upanishad
The Samaveda is considered as the root of the Indian classical music and dance
It is considered as the storehouse of the melodious chants
Though it has lesser verses than Rigveda, however, its texts are larger
There are three recensions of the text of the Samaveda – Kauthuma, Raṇayaniya and Jaimaniya
Samaveda is categorised into two parts – Part-I includes melodies called Gana & Part-II includes three verses book called Archika.
Samaveda Samhita is not meant to be read as a text, it is like a musical score sheet that must be heard
Samveda And Music
Samaveda being the Veda of the musical genre has contributed significantly to the development of Indian music. It can also be called the primary source of Indian music. Many aspects of Indian music have been derived from Samaveda. In fact, various traditional musical instruments have been shaped by the intent and content of Samaveda.
Features of Samaveda
The power of Samaveda
Samaveda literally means the mantras that can be sung poetically. We know that Samaveda is a musical scripture. The mantras of Samasveda are sung during a yajna, special rituals (anushthan), and havanas. If we talk about the root mantras, then Samaveda only has 99 such mantras. As these mantras are musical and poetic, this collection is known as Samaveda. Those who sing these hymns are known as Samag. Three types of vowels of Vedic songs are mentioned, which are Udatt, Anudatt and Swarit. Various musical instruments have been mentioned in the Vedic times. Of these, amongst the Tantu Vadyas, Kannada Veeena, Karkari and Veena have been mentioned. Amongst the Ghan Vadyas, there is a mention of Dudumbhi, Adambhar, Vanaspati. And amongst Sushir, Turabh Nadi & Bankura.